CD49d blockade by natalizumab in patients with multiple sclerosis affects steady-state hematopoiesis and mobilizes progenitors with a distinct phenotype and function

Publikation: Beitrag in FachzeitschriftForschungsartikelBeigetragenBegutachtung



Therapeutic application of natalizumab, an anti-CD49d Ab, in patients with multiple sclerosis (MS) has been associated with increased levels of circulating CD34+ progenitors. We analyzed the frequency, phenotype and functional activity of CD34+ HSC in blood and BM of patients with MS who were treated with natalizumab. Compared with healthy controls and untreated MS patients, natalizumab treatment increased CD34+ cells in the peripheral blood 7-fold and in BM 10-fold. CD34+ cells derived from blood and marrow of natalizumab-treated patients expressed less of the stem cell marker CD133, were enriched for erythroid progenitors (CFU-E) and expressed lower levels of adhesion molecules than G-CSF-mobilized CD34+ cells. The level of surface CXCR-4 expression on CD34+ cells from patients treated with natalizumab was higher compared with that of CD34+ cells mobilized by G-CSF (median 43.9 vs 15.1%). This was associated with a more than doubled migration capacity toward a chemokine stimulus. Furthermore, CD34+ cells mobilized by natalizumab contained more mRNA for p21 and less for matrix metallopeptidase 9 compared with G-CSF-mobilized hematopoietic stem cell (HSC). Our data indicate that G-CSF and CD49d blockade mobilize different HSC subsets and suggest that both strategies may be differentially applied in specific cell therapy approaches.


Seiten (von - bis)1489-1496
FachzeitschriftBone marrow transplantation
PublikationsstatusVeröffentlicht - Okt. 2010

Externe IDs

PubMed 20098455



  • G-CSF, hematopoietic stem and progenitor cells, migration, mobilization, natalizumab