Bereitschaft zur COVID-19-Impfung unter Beschäftigten im Gesundheitswesen in Deutschland: Befragungsergebnisse aus dem Netzwerk Universitätsmedizin (NUM), November 2020 bis Januar 2021

Publikation: Beitrag in FachzeitschriftForschungsartikelBeigetragenBegutachtung


  • Caterina Schug - , Universitätsklinikum der Friedrich-Alexander-Universität Erlangen-Nürnberg (Autor:in)
  • Yesim Erim - , Universitätsklinikum der Friedrich-Alexander-Universität Erlangen-Nürnberg (Autor:in)
  • Franziska Geiser - , Universitätsklinikum der Friedrich-Alexander-Universität Erlangen-Nürnberg (Autor:in)
  • Nina Hiebel - , Universitätsklinikum der Friedrich-Alexander-Universität Erlangen-Nürnberg (Autor:in)
  • Petra Beschoner - , Universitätsklinikum Ulm (Autor:in)
  • Lucia Jerg-Bretzke - , Universitätsklinikum Ulm (Autor:in)
  • Christian Albus - , Universitätsklinikum Köln (Autor:in)
  • Kerstin Weidner - , Klinik und Poliklinik für Psychotherapie und Psychosomatik, Universitätsklinikum Carl Gustav Carus Dresden (Autor:in)
  • Susann Steudte-Schmiedgen - , Klinik und Poliklinik für Psychotherapie und Psychosomatik, Universitätsklinikum Carl Gustav Carus Dresden (Autor:in)
  • Andrea Borho - , Universitätsklinikum der Friedrich-Alexander-Universität Erlangen-Nürnberg (Autor:in)
  • Marietta Lieb - , Universitätsklinikum der Friedrich-Alexander-Universität Erlangen-Nürnberg (Autor:in)
  • Eva Morawa - , Universitätsklinikum der Friedrich-Alexander-Universität Erlangen-Nürnberg (Autor:in)


BACKGROUND: The COVID-19 pandemic is a continuing burden on society and the health system. The vaccination willingness among healthcare workers is of particular interest, as these groups play a key role in the pandemic response.

OBJECTIVES: The present study investigated how the willingness of healthcare workers in Germany to get vaccinated depends on sociodemographic, occupational, and COVID-19-specific characteristics, as well as mental health.

METHODS: Between November 2020 and January 2021, 6217 employees in the German healthcare system were questioned about their vaccination willingness, sociodemographic, occupational, COVID-19-specific, and psychosocial characteristics using the online VOICE survey within the framework of the University Medicine Network (NUM).

RESULTS: The vaccination willingness of the sample group was 65.3%. A higher vaccination willingness was associated with male gender; age > 40 years; having no children or no migration background; not working in direct patient care; belonging to a COVID-19 risk group or professional group of physicians and psychologists in comparison with nursing staff; feeling sufficiently informed about COVID-19 and protected by the measures of the national or local authorities and the employer; fear of infection; and lack of signs of depression. Physicians showed the highest willingness to get vaccinated.

CONCLUSIONS: During the study period, an overall moderate vaccination willingness against COVID-19 in the health sector was described. Information about the disease and vaccination, especially for younger people, females, and non-physicians, adequate protective measures and prevention of depressive symptoms could increase the vaccination willingness.


Seiten (von - bis)74-85
FachzeitschriftBundesgesundheitsblatt, Gesundheitsforschung, Gesundheitsschutz
PublikationsstatusVeröffentlicht - Jan. 2022

Externe IDs

PubMedCentral PMC8458789
Scopus 85115625902
WOS 000700194600001
Mendeley 110bb513-7b0d-39df-9bb2-fc221cd2b0d3
ORCID /0000-0002-1171-7133/work/142255036


Forschungsprofillinien der TU Dresden

Ziele für nachhaltige Entwicklung


  • Adult, COVID-19, Female, Germany, Health Personnel, Humans, Male, Pandemics, SARS-CoV-2, Universities, Vaccination, Acceptance, COVID-19-vaccination, Healthcare workers, Mental burden, Predictors