BACKGROUND: The COVID-19 pandemic is a continuing burden on society and the health system. The vaccination willingness among healthcare workers is of particular interest, as these groups play a key role in the pandemic response.
OBJECTIVES: The present study investigated how the willingness of healthcare workers in Germany to get vaccinated depends on sociodemographic, occupational, and COVID-19-specific characteristics, as well as mental health.
METHODS: Between November 2020 and January 2021, 6217 employees in the German healthcare system were questioned about their vaccination willingness, sociodemographic, occupational, COVID-19-specific, and psychosocial characteristics using the online VOICE survey within the framework of the University Medicine Network (NUM).
RESULTS: The vaccination willingness of the sample group was 65.3%. A higher vaccination willingness was associated with male gender; age > 40 years; having no children or no migration background; not working in direct patient care; belonging to a COVID-19 risk group or professional group of physicians and psychologists in comparison with nursing staff; feeling sufficiently informed about COVID-19 and protected by the measures of the national or local authorities and the employer; fear of infection; and lack of signs of depression. Physicians showed the highest willingness to get vaccinated.
CONCLUSIONS: During the study period, an overall moderate vaccination willingness against COVID-19 in the health sector was described. Information about the disease and vaccination, especially for younger people, females, and non-physicians, adequate protective measures and prevention of depressive symptoms could increase the vaccination willingness.
|Seiten (von - bis)||74-85|
|Fachzeitschrift||Bundesgesundheitsblatt, Gesundheitsforschung, Gesundheitsschutz|
|Publikationsstatus||Veröffentlicht - Jan. 2022|
Forschungsprofillinien der TU Dresden
Ziele für nachhaltige Entwicklung
ASJC Scopus Sachgebiete
- Adult, COVID-19, Female, Germany, Health Personnel, Humans, Male, Pandemics, SARS-CoV-2, Universities, Vaccination, Acceptance, COVID-19-vaccination, Healthcare workers, Mental burden, Predictors