Autistic traits and alcohol use in adolescents within the general population

Publikation: Beitrag in FachzeitschriftForschungsartikelBeigetragenBegutachtung

Beitragende

  • Lisa J. Pijnenburg - , Institute for Mental Health, University of Amsterdam (Autor:in)
  • Anais Kaplun - , Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai (Autor:in)
  • Lieuwe de Haan - , University of Amsterdam (Autor:in)
  • Magdalena Janecka - , Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai, Seaver Autism Center for Research and Treatment (Autor:in)
  • Lauren Smith - , Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai (Autor:in)
  • Abraham Reichenberg - , Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai, Seaver Autism Center for Research and Treatment (Autor:in)
  • Tobias Banaschewski - , Universität Heidelberg (Autor:in)
  • Arun L.W. Bokde - , Trinity College Dublin (Autor:in)
  • Erin Burke Quinlan - , King's College London (KCL) (Autor:in)
  • Sylvane Desrivières - , King's College London (KCL) (Autor:in)
  • Antoine Grigis - , Université Paris-Saclay (Autor:in)
  • Hugh Garavan - , University of Vermont (Autor:in)
  • Penny Gowland - , University of Nottingham (Autor:in)
  • Andreas Heinz - , Charité – Universitätsmedizin Berlin (Autor:in)
  • Bernd Ittermann - , Physikalisch-Technische Bundesanstalt (Autor:in)
  • Jean Luc Martinot - , Maison de Solenn, INSERM - Institut national de la santé et de la recherche médicale (Autor:in)
  • Marie Laure Paillère Martinot - , Maison de Solenn, Sorbonne Université (Autor:in)
  • Frauke Nees - , Universität Heidelberg (Autor:in)
  • Dimitri Papadopoulos Orfanos - , Université Paris-Saclay (Autor:in)
  • Tomáš Paus - , University of Toronto (Autor:in)
  • Luise Poustka - , University of Göttingen (Autor:in)
  • Sarah Hohmann - , Universität Heidelberg (Autor:in)
  • Sabina Millenet - , Universität Heidelberg (Autor:in)
  • Juliane H. Fröhner - , Klinik und Poliklinik für Psychiatrie und Psychotherapie (Autor:in)
  • Michael N. Smolka - , Klinik und Poliklinik für Psychiatrie und Psychotherapie (Autor:in)
  • Henrik Walter - , Charité – Universitätsmedizin Berlin (Autor:in)
  • Robert Whelan - , Trinity College Dublin (Autor:in)
  • Gunter Schumann - , King's College London (KCL), Charité – Universitätsmedizin Berlin, Fudan University (Autor:in)
  • Eva Velthorst - , Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai, Seaver Autism Center for Research and Treatment (Autor:in)

Abstract

It has been suggested that autistic traits are associated with less frequent alcohol use in adolescence. Our study seeks to examine the relationship between autistic traits and alcohol use in a large adolescent population. Leveraging data from the IMAGEN cohort, including 2045 14-year-old adolescents that were followed-up to age 18, we selected items on social preference/skills and rigidity from different questionnaires. We used linear regression models to (1) test the effect of the sum scores on the prevalence of alcohol use (AUDIT-C) over time, (2) explore the relationship between autistic traits and alcohol use patterns, and (3) explore the specific effect of each autistic trait on alcohol use. Higher scores on the selected items were associated with trajectories of less alcohol use from the ages between 14 and 18 (b = − 0.030; CI 95% = − 0.042, − 0.017; p < 0.001). Among adolescents who used alcohol, those who reported more autistic traits were also drinking less per occasion than their peers and were less likely to engage in binge drinking. We found significant associations between alcohol use and social preference (p < 0.001), nervousness for new situations (p = 0.001), and detail orientation (p < 0.001). Autistic traits (social impairment, detail orientation, and anxiety) may buffer against alcohol use in adolescence.

Details

OriginalspracheEnglisch
Seiten (von - bis)1633-1642
Seitenumfang10
FachzeitschriftEuropean Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
Jahrgang32
Ausgabenummer9
PublikationsstatusVeröffentlicht - Sept. 2023
Peer-Review-StatusJa

Externe IDs

PubMed 35318541
ORCID /0000-0001-5398-5569/work/150329520
ORCID /0000-0002-8493-6396/work/150330246

Schlagworte

Ziele für nachhaltige Entwicklung

Schlagwörter

  • Adolescence, Alcohol use, Autistic traits, Social preference, Anxiety Disorders, Autistic Disorder, Humans, Adolescent, Surveys and Questionnaires