The 2018 European heatwave led to stem dehydration but not to consistent growth reductions in forests

Publikation: Beitrag in FachzeitschriftForschungsartikelBeigetragenBegutachtung

Beitragende

  • DendroDrought - (Autor:in)
  • Ernst van der Maaten - , Professur für Waldwachstum und Produktion von Holzbiomasse (Autor:in)
  • Francois Lebourgeois - (Autor:in)
  • Martin Mikoláš - (Autor:in)
  • Radim Matula - (Autor:in)
  • Stefan Mayr - (Autor:in)
  • Walter Oberhuber - (Autor:in)
  • Nikolaus Obojes - (Autor:in)
  • Bruce Osborne - (Autor:in)
  • Teemu Paljakka - (Autor:in)
  • Roman Plichta - (Autor:in)
  • Inken Rabbel - (Autor:in)
  • Cyrille B. K. Rathgeber - (Autor:in)
  • Yann Salmon - (Autor:in)
  • Matthew Saunders - (Autor:in)
  • Tobias Scharnweber - (Autor:in)
  • Zuzana Sitková - (Autor:in)
  • Dominik Florian Stangler - (Autor:in)
  • Krzystof Sterenczak - (Autor:in)
  • Marko Stojanovic - (Autor:in)
  • Katarína Strelcová - (Autor:in)
  • Jan Svetlík - (Autor:in)
  • Miroslav Svoboda - (Autor:in)
  • Brian Tobin - (Autor:in)
  • Volodymyr Trotsiuk - (Autor:in)
  • Josef Urban - (Autor:in)
  • Fernando Valladares - (Autor:in)
  • Hanus Vavrcik - (Autor:in)
  • Monika Vejpustková - (Autor:in)
  • Lorenz Walthert - (Autor:in)
  • Martin Wilmking - (Autor:in)
  • Ewa Zin - (Autor:in)
  • Junliang Zou - (Autor:in)
  • Kathy Steppe - (Autor:in)

Abstract

Heatwaves exert disproportionately strong and sometimes irreversible impacts on forest ecosystems. These impacts remain poorly understood at the tree and species level and across large spatial scales. Here, we investigate the effects of the record-breaking 2018 European heatwave on tree growth and tree water status using a collection of high-temporal resolution dendrometer data from 21 species across 53 sites. Relative to the two preceding years, annual stem growth was not consistently reduced by the 2018 heatwave but stems experienced twice the temporary shrinkage due to depletion of water reserves. Conifer species were less capable of rehydrating overnight than broadleaves across gradients of soil and atmospheric drought, suggesting less resilience toward transient stress. In particular, Norway spruce and Scots pine experienced extensive stem dehydration. Our high-resolution dendrometer network was suitable to disentangle the effects of a severe heatwave on tree growth and desiccation at large-spatial scales in situ, and provided insights on which species may be more vulnerable to climate extremes.

Details

OriginalspracheEnglisch
Aufsatznummer28
FachzeitschriftNature communications
Jahrgang13
Ausgabenummer1
PublikationsstatusVeröffentlicht - 1 Dez. 2022
Peer-Review-StatusJa

Externe IDs

Scopus 85122871007
PubMed 35013178
Mendeley 45180419-5349-3c98-bbd3-d475f34def3c
unpaywall 10.1038/s41467-021-27579-9

Schlagworte

Ziele für nachhaltige Entwicklung

ASJC Scopus Sachgebiete